What is Firewall in Cyber Security?

Started by Mechanic, May 12, 2023, 08:13 PM

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Question: What is Firewall in Cyber Security?

A firewall is a network security system that is designed to prevent unauthorized access to or from a private network. It acts as a barrier between a network and the internet, filtering traffic based on a set of predetermined security rules.
The primary goal of a firewall is to protect the Confidentiality, Integrity, and Availability (CIA) of a network. It does this by analyzing network traffic and enforcing security policies that allow only authorized traffic to pass through. The firewall can be configured to allow or block traffic based on criteria such as source or destination IP address, port number, and application protocol.
In addition to its role as a traffic filter, a firewall can also be used as an Intrusion Detection System (IDS) or Intrusion Prevention System (IPS). An IDS is a passive security system that monitors network traffic for signs of suspicious activity and alerts security personnel if an attack is detected. On the other hand, an IPS is an active security system that not only detects but also takes automated action to block or mitigate the attack.
Firewalls come in various types and configurations, including software, hardware, or cloud-based solutions. Some common types of firewalls include packet-filtering firewalls, stateful inspection firewalls, application-level firewalls, and next-generation firewalls.
Packet-filtering firewalls examine individual packets of data as they pass through the network and block any packets that do not meet the specified security criteria. Stateful inspection firewalls monitor the state of connections between network nodes to detect and prevent unauthorized access. Application-level firewalls inspect traffic at the application layer, blocking or allowing traffic based on specific application protocols. Next-generation firewalls combine multiple techniques, including packet filtering, intrusion detection, and application-level inspection, to provide comprehensive network security.
In summary, a firewall is an essential component of any network security infrastructure. It provides a first line of defense against cyber threats and helps ensure the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of network resources. By incorporating IDS and IPS functionality, a firewall can provide even greater protection against cyber attacks and other security threats.


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